Vatican City

Vatican City | The Spiritual Heart of Catholicism

Visit the smallest sovereign state in the world, tucked away in the heart of Rome's old district. Headquartered by the Holy See and headed by the Pope himself, Vatican City Rome is enticed with its rich religious legacy. Originally a part of the historic Vatican Hill, the Lateran Treaty granted this small enclave its freedom. It now depends heavily on tourism, enticing visitors to discover its wonders.

Here, you can wander around magnificent examples of Late Renaissance, Baroque, and Renaissance architecture while taking in the Mediterranean atmosphere. Immerse yourself in the 1400 chambers of the Vatican Museums, which are home to artefacts and treasures dating back thousands of years.

Explore the world's largest church, St. Peter's Basilica, and be amazed by its sheer magnificence. After that, take a stroll around the Vatican Gardens, a calm haven that takes up half the city. Vatican City provides a unique opportunity to experience faith and culture if one is looking for spiritual comfort or wants to take a trip through time and art. Thus, set off on this journey and allow its wonders to enchant you.


The official religion of Vatican City is Catholicism, and all of its citizens are Christians. The Pope resides in Vatican City, which also serves as the hub of the Roman Catholic Church. In addition to being the head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Bishop of Rome, the pope also serves as the leader of the state of Vatican City. Saint Peter, who is said to have been chosen by Jesus to be the first head of his church, is revered by Catholics as the Pope's heir. 

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You enter a world of unmatched cultural richness as soon as you reach the holy UNESCO World Heritage Site of Vatican City. Everywhere you look, you can feel the history and beauty, from the magnificence of St. Peter's Basilica to the priceless artefacts housed in the Vatican Museums. Discover the depths of millennia of knowledge by delving into the extensive collection of the Vatican Library.


Tucked away on a gentle slope that was formerly a portion of the ancient Vatican Hill, it is situated near the right bank of the Tiber River. Encircled by defensive walls, the state occupies a mere 44 hectares. It is a very small country right in the middle of Rome, Italy. With a land area of about 49 hectares, it is the world's smallest sovereign state. Its border with Italy is only about 3.5 km in length. However, there are thirteen structures in Rome and Castel Gandolfo that are granted unique powers, as if they were part of Vatican City, even though it is its own country. 

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Italian is the language of everyday life and government business, and you can hear it whispering through the streets of Vatican City. Still, there are traces of Latin that remind us of this holy area's historical roots. French adds a diplomatic touch, and Swiss German directions can be heard throughout the Swiss Guard. This is just one example of the many languages that are spoken in this spiritual have.

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The Vatican City, Rome, agreed to utilize the Euro with Italy even though it was not a member of the EU or the Eurozone. When you look closely at Vatican euros, you'll see a unique design with the Pope on it. This design represents the unique character of this sovereign enclave in the world of money.

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Like Rome, the Vatican enjoys a moderate Mediterranean climate. It experiences hot, dry summers from May to August and mild, wet winters from September to May. The average summer temperature of 30°C (86°F) makes it ideal for discovering hidden gems outside. Moreover, you may enjoy a cold-free tour of ancient places because of the moderate winters, which hardly drop below 10°C (50°F). 

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The Vatican City flag represents an independent city-state since 1929, fulfilling the criteria of statehood despite its size. It is a bright yellow and white combination that prominently shows the papal crown on top of St. Peter's crossed keys. This symbol stands for the spiritual power and authority of this holy area, enticing you to learn more about its long history and importance.


You can feel the close-knit community of 825 residents of Vatican City as you wander its streets. Still, only about 246 people live here, among them the recognizable Swiss Guards. Numerous residents work in various capacities for the Vatican and reside outside its borders. Citizenship is awarded to anyone who commits themselves fully to the purpose of the Vatican, rather than being inherited.

History of the Vatican City

The Vatican in the Middle Ages

Explore the historic grounds of the Vatican and take a trip back in time to the Middle Ages. After Rome fell, this little hill was converted into the popes' sacred residence. The house of Pope Symmachus was a place where important people met and was very fancy. Huge tracts of land were given to the pontiff by kind contributions, which strengthened the Church's position of power.

Pope Sylvester was raised by Emperor Constantine's symbolic act, which expanded papal authority. The Papal States were further enhanced by Pepin the Short and Charlemagne, who also influenced the political climate of medieval Europe. As treaties establish autonomy and create the Vatican's autonomous realm, watch history unfold.

The Vatican During the Italian Renaissance

Discover the colorful Renaissance world, when curiosity was greater than towering spires. With the advent of humanism, academics and artists were drawn to the Vatican and encouraged to share their newly acquired knowledge with the world. Once seen as heavenly messengers, popes now ruled like kings and queens, encouraging wealth and supporting the arts.

Explore the legacy of Pope Nicholas V, who brought the Pope into the splendour of the Renaissance. Admire the magnificent Palace built by him that sparks a renaissance of sacred art. While royal families were fighting, Pope Julius II put Michelangelo's divine brushstrokes on the Sistine Chapel. This made Rome known as the birthplace of art and learning. 

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The Vatican in the Modern Age

Vatican City is an absolute monarchy today, home to a modest 1,000 inhabitants. There are some very famous churches and museums in Vatican City, which is a real culture and historical gem. Millions of people visit this little paradise each year, drawn by the wonders of St. Peter's Basilica, and the Vatican Museum.

Thus, you can take a tour through the Vatican's contemporary history, where dramatic events influenced its future. You can discover this sacred area today, where resilient buildings serve as monuments to architectural wonders. 

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Things To Do In Vatican City

St Peter’s Basilica

Enter the past and be in awe of the grandeur of Vatican City's St. Peter's Basilica. Built on top of the holy tomb of St. Peter, this holy place has a spiritual meaning that goes back hundreds of years. It was created by artistic greats like Michelangelo and Bernini and is proof of the inventiveness and passion of people.

Here, you can climb the dome for an unforgettable glimpse of Rome's panoramic landscape. Discover a wealth of creative marvels within, ranging from Bernini's Baldachin to Michelangelo's Pieta. Admire the depths of Catholic heritage and artistic excellence as each artwork reveals a story of inspiration and faith.

Vatican Museums

Discover creative marvels at every turn as you go around the Vatican Museums. Here, you can explore the wide expanse of this cultural refuge, which invites you to over 70,000 items spread across 54 galleries. You can discover historical treasures such as Etruscan bronzes and Egyptian mummies, which all whisper old histories.

Enter the rooms adorned with Raphael's beautiful paintings. Then, look up in awe at Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling, which was inspired by God. Admire ageless works of art by Caravaggio, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci, or simply lose yourself in the splendour of classical sculptures and tapestries. 

Vatican Gardens

Enter the peaceful embrace of the Vatican Gardens, an expansive green space that makes up more than half of Vatican City. Here, you can encounter 57 hectares of verdant surroundings where art and nature coexist together. Explore environments with a Renaissance sense of symmetry and elegance, drawing inspiration from Italy.

Admire the beautiful French gardens with whimsical water elements and baroque splendour. Step inside English gardens and lose yourself in their whimsical charm, where the beauty of nature is supreme. Discover historic fountains and sculptures that each humbly narrate stories from bygone eras. Discover hidden spots with panoramic views of St. Peter's Basilica to capture Vatican City's everlasting beauty.

Vatican Palaces

You can step into the majesty of the Vatican Palaces, which combines history and luxury to create a memorable experience. Start your trip at the Apostolic Palace, which is in the middle of Vatican City and where the Pope lives. The grand rooms are filled with priceless artworks and intricate frescoes. The famous Raphael Rooms are one example of this.

They are filled with bright colours that bring Raphael's genius to life. Explore the Borgia Apartment, which was once home to the famous Borgia family, and learn about its beautiful rooms and interesting past. When you walk up the ceremonial stairs, the Scala Regia, you can feel the weight of hundreds of years of papal power.

Also Checkout: Apostolic Palace of Castel Gandolfo

Redemptions Mater Chapel

Enter the Redemptoris Mater Chapel, a secret gem in the Apostolic Palace of Vatican City that welcomes you with a holy embrace. It used to be called Matilde Chapel, but Pope John Paul II changed it to honour the Blessed Mother, showing how much he loved her. The Pope is the only person who can use this small chapel, which is stunning with its beautiful mosaics that look like they came from early Byzantine art.

Here, you can feel the respect that descends upon you as you enter, engulfed by centuries of prayer and faith. Thus, pause to appreciate the minute intricacies, where each mosaic serves as a reminder of the timeless beauty of religious devotion.

Vatican City Facts

Here are some of the best facts about the city of Vatican:

  • Vatican City Rome is the smallest country in the world, covering only 0.44 square kilometres, with a population of 825 people.
  • Situated in Rome you can walk around the entire Vatican in less than an hour.
  • It's the only nation without a prison; however, it has a few cells for pre-trial detention.
  • Residents consume the highest amount of wine per capita globally, averaging 74 litres annually.
  • The Pontifical Swiss Guard, comprised of 135 soldiers, protects the Pope and wears distinctive striped uniforms.
  • Citizenship isn't granted by birth; individuals are appointed based on service to the Holy See.
  • Italian is the official language, with Latin used for official matters by the Holy See.
  • Vatican City boasts the world's shortest railway, with tracks spanning 300 meters and one station.
  • The Pope is the supreme ruler and head of Vatican City, with authority over the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
  • It's the only country entirely designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1984, including extraterritorial properties in Rome.

Planning a Visit to the Vatican?

  • Visit the Vatican Necropolis and Vatican Gardens for the most exclusive experience in Vatican City.
  • Book Vatican tickets or guided tours in advance to skip long lines at the gates.
  • Dress appropriately by covering shoulders and knees for entry to St. Peter's Basilica and Vatican Museums.
  • Join a guided tour for a deeper understanding of Vatican history and symbolism.
  • Climb St. Peter's Dome for heavenly views of Rome; book in advance for an unforgettable experience.
  • Check restaurant reviews before dining near the Vatican to avoid disappointments or overpriced meals.
  • Wear comfortable shoes for long hours of standing during your Vatican visit to avoid chafing.
  • Visit early morning to beat crowds, and heat, and enjoy quieter galleries and landmarks.
  • Attend papal audiences on Wednesdays or Sundays for a chance to see the Pope.
  • Explore St. Peter's Square after sunset for quiet walks and picturesque views of the Vatican.

FAQ's for Vatican City

What is the Vatican City?

Located in the Italian capital of Rome, the Vatican City is the seat of the Roman Capital Church. Most naturally, Vatican tourism landmarks include the St. Peter’s Basilica, the largest church in the world.

Is it recommended to book Vatican Museums tickets in advance?

Yes, it is highly recommended to book Vatican Museums tickets in advance. This allows you to skip long queues, secure entry during busy periods, choose preferred time slots, and ensure availability for special exhibitions or events.

Where is Vatican City located?

The independent city state is located within Rome, the capital of Italy.

What currency do I need to carry with me when visiting Vatican City?

One should carry their money in euros when they visit Vatican city.

How big is Vatican City?

In terms of size, the Vatican City is only 121 acres big- this is half the size of Monaco, the second smallest country in the world after the Vatican itself.

What can I see inside Vatican City?

Vatican City tourism is replete with architectural landmarks that have contributed significantly to Vatican History: the Sistine Chapel with its frescos, the largest church in the world, and the Vatican Museum with its staggering collection of artwork are only some of them.

What is the Vatican famous for?

The Vatican is famous of course, as the seat of the Roman Catholic Church and the papacy. However, its collection of art and architecture draw tourists by the flock as well.

What language is spoken in Vatican City?

The most widely spoken language in the Vatican City is Italian.


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